Leading Through Inquiry, Inclusion, and Action
  • About
  • Future Students
  • Current Students
  • Academic Departments
  • Centers and Institutes
  • Alumni & Giving



1. Counselor identifies questions about the client and/or tape segment of a session and requests specific feedback about his or her performance.
2. Peers are assigned (or choose) roles, perspectives or tasks for reviewing the taped segment. These tasks may include:
a. Observing counselor or a particular counseling skill
b. Assuming the role of the counselor, client, or the parent, spouse, coworker, friend, teacher, or other significant person in the client’s life.
c. Viewing the session from a particular theoretical perspective
d. Creating a metaphor for the client, counselor, or counseling process
e. Drawing a picture, graph, or using sandtray to represent the counseling process/relationship
3. The counselor presents the preselected taped segment.
4. Peers give feedback from their roles or perspectives, keeping in mind the goals and questions that were specified by the counselor. The supervisee remains silent during this exchange, but may take notes regarding comments.
a. “As the client I ….”
b. “As the counselor I….”
c. “From the perspective of Cognitive-Behavioral, I….” Or “As existential theory, I….”
d. “The picture of the counseling process that comes to mind is….”
5. The supervisor facilitates the discussion as needed, functioning as a moderator and process observer. The supervisor may ask the supervisee what questions he/she has, and what other information she/he might desire.
6. The supervisor summarizes the feedback and discussion, and the counselor indicates if supervision needs were met.
Borders, L. D. (1991). A systematic approach to peer group supervision. Journal of Counseling & Development, 69, 248-252.
*These are guidelines. Actual implementation of group supervision will be facilitated by the instructor/supervisor.

Guidelines for Structured Group Supervision Continued…

Wilbur, Roberts-Wilbur, Hart, Morris, and Betz
1. Plea for Help
After giving a summary, the supervisee states what assistance is being requested from the supervision (e.g., I need your help with…)
2. Play the taped segment of the session
3. Question Period
The supervision group members ask the supervisee questions about the information presented in Step 1 and 2. This step allows group members to obtain additional information or clarify any misperceptions concerning the summary information. One at a time, in an orderly manner, group members ask one question of the supervisee. The process is repeated until there are no more questions.
4. Feedback/Consultation
The group members respond to all of the information obtained by stating how they would handle the supervisee’s issue, problem, client, etc. During this step, the supervisee remains silent but may take notes regarding the comments or suggestions. When giving feedback, group members again proceed one at a time stating how they would handle the supervisee’s dilemma. First person is used, e.g., “If this were my client, I would…” The process is repeated until there is no additional feedback.
5. Pause or Break
There is a 5 to 10 minute break. Group members should not converse with the supervisee during this break. This is time for the supervisee to reflect on the group’s feedback and to prepare for the next step.
6. Response Statement
The group members remain silent and the supervisee, in round robin fashion, respond to each group member’s feedback. The supervisee tells group members which of their statements were helpful, which were not helpful, and why they were beneficial or not.
7. Discussion
The supervisor may conduct a discussion of the process, summarize, react to feedback offered, process group dynamics, etc.
Wilbur, M. P., Roberts-Wilbur, J., Hart, G. M., Morris, J. R. & Betz, R. L. (1994).
Structured group supervision (SGS): A pilot study. Counselor Education and Supervision, 33, 262-279.
Bernard, J. M., & Goodyear, R. K. (1998). Fundamentals of clinical supervision (2nd ed.).
Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.