Eclectic or Integrationist Models and the Supervisor’s own model in practice

In truth, it is likely that most supervisors behave as integrationists or eclectics. Indeed, supervisors who operate within the social role models also attend to the developmental levels of the supervisee. Norcross and Halgin (1997) suggested that supervisors should attend to the “cardinal principles of integrative supervision.” Among these principles are to:
  • conduct a needs assessment;
  • consider the therapy approach (method of supervision should parallel the content of supervision);
  • blend supervision methods;
  • operate from a coherent framework;
  • customize supervision to the individual student;
  • match supervision to trainee variables;
  • consider the developmental level of the trainee, and the trainee’s personal idiom;
  • assess the trainee’s therapeutic skills;
  • address with trainees their “relationships of choice”;
  • construct explicit contracts;
  • and evaluate the outcomes.
Because most supervisors develop their own, unique, integrationist perspective, it is important that the supervisor and supervisee engage in a discussion about the processes and model of supervision that will be used.